The Jewish Kulturbund orchestra, conducted by William Steinberg, performed in this Frankfurt theatre, which was filled to capacity.
The Palestine Symphony Orchestra started under the direction of Bronislaw Huberman in 1936, recruiting European Jewish musicians, providing them not only a living wage, but a safe place to live far from threats in Austria, Germany, Poland, and Hungary. A core group from the Frankfurt Kulturbund voluntarily left Germany, including William Steinberg, to form part of the core of the orchestra in Palestine. William Steinberg accompanied Arturo Toscanini when the Palestine Symphony Orchestra launched. After a couple of years, Toscanini and Steinberg left for America, working for the NBC Orchestra. In 1948, the Palestine Symphony Orchestra became the Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by prominent conductors such as Leonard Bernstein (1947-149; Laureate Conductor 1947-90) and Zubin Mehta (1968-).